Motor development of children

Motor behavior of children depends on their motor development.

Motor development of children depends on:

  • Development of motor abilities of children
  • Development of motor habits of children

The level of motor development and therefore the motor behavior of children depends on the adjustment of the level of motor abilities and the number of effective motor habits. A higher level of motor abilities contributes to the increase of the motor habit, and develop a larger number of motor habits seem to develop motor abilities, all of which that can be presented through more efficient motor behavior of children.

Motor abilities of children

  • Coordination (of the whole body, in rhythm, quickly perform complex motor tasks, the reorganization of movement stereotypes),
  • Speed (simple movements, reactions, running)
  • Explosive strength (of legs, arms, body)
  • Agility,
  • Pliability (flexibility),
  • Basic body strength (dynamic, static)
  • Balance (dynamic, static) and
  • Endurance (muscular, cardio-respiratory).

All listed motor abilities of children are controlled by appropriate motor tests. In addition to these basic, different specific motor abilities are developed through development of different motor habits, using different sports-recreational means.

Throughout children development of listed basic motor abilities, we take care of genetic conditionality of certain abilities, i.e. of possibility of the size of the development, as well as time impact on development (sensibility phases) in order to raise the level of that development, and to keep it last longer, and later postponed the decreasing period of appropriate basic motor abilities.

Motor habits of children

Activities for the development of basic motor habits:

  • Various locomotion movements,
  • Shaping exercises (control of body posture, gaining a sense of movement),
  • Manipulate different objects (various props, balls);

Games and various activities:

  • Elementary games,
  • Sports game (throwing, catching, kicking),
  • Athletic activities,
  • Games and activities in the water, on snow and ice,
  • Dances,
  • Swimming
  • Training on equipment,
  • Point games,
  • Martial artgames and
  • Field games.

As it is presented, the number and level of the development of children motor habits (skills) depends on the level of development of motor abilities, and forcing some habits (e.g. some sports games or training on equipment or other) the appropriate specific motor abilities are developed.

These specific motor skills, with appropriate structure of morphological traits (body constitution) can be a good basis for guidance towards some sports activity in the aim of achieving above average or even top sports results.

The number and level of listed motor habits are controlled by appropriate tests, exercises and various sports activities.